In May 2007, the Chordoma Foundation co-hosted the First International Chordoma Research Workshop along with the NIH Office of Rare Diseases, the National Human Genome Research Institute, the National Institute of Neurologic Disorders and Stroke, and the National Cancer Institute. The workshop brought together a diverse group of 53 physicians and scientists from around the world, including some of the brightest minds in sarcoma research, drug development and human genetics. Participants included both scientists deeply involved in chordoma research and experts in related fields. What emerged was broad consensus regarding research priorities, and a plan for moving the field forward. For the first time ever an enthusiastic and collegial chordoma research community coalesced around a set of shared goals aimed at improving the treatment of chordoma patients, and new collaborations were initiated involving multidisciplinary research teams in North America, Europe and Asia.